Friday, 12 May 2017

Treatment For Inflammatory Bowel Diseases

Inflammatory Bowel Disease includes a group of disorders which cause inflammation in the digestive tract. The digestive tract includes the different organs in the body which are responsible for the breaking down of food, digestion and absorption of nutrients, and disposal of waste. They include the oesophagus, mouth, stomach, large intestine and small intestine.

Inflammatory bowel diseases also called IBD, cause a hindrance in the normal functioning of the digestive system and can be disruptive and painful. Chronic cases of IBD can assume life threatening proportions.

Types of Inflammatory Bowel Diseases

Though IBD is an umbrella term used to denote a number of diseases, the most commonly found IBD diseases are Crohn’s disease and Ulcerative Colitis. Crohn’s disease is caused due to an inflammation of digestive tract lining, mainly in the large and small intestine. Ulcerative Colitis occurs due to long lasting inflammations or ulcers in the inner lining of colon and rectum.


Symptoms of IBD

The symptoms associated with the disease, varies depending on the intensity and site of inflammation. The common symptoms are as follows: -
  • Abdominal cramping or pain
  • Diarrhoea
  • Fatigue accompanied by fever
  • Reduced appetite
  • Unexplained weight loss


Causes of IBD

The causes of IBD are yet to be ascertained. Though diet and stress factors had thought to potential culprits, they have been disregarded now. A possible cause of the condition would be immune system disorders. The immune system while fighting foreign bodies like viruses and bacteria turns against the cells of the digestive tracts as well causing unusual responses like inflammation.


Treatment for IBD

IBD diseases can be managed to a great extent with the help of medications. The medications administered include anti inflammatory drugs to manage inflammations and immune suppressants to reduce the aggravation of the disease due to immune system malfunction. Antibiotics are used to control the actions of bacteria as well. In severe and long lasting cases of inflammatory bowel disease, surgical procedures are used.

SIMS, offers advanced and quality treatment, specialised in gastroenterology for a wide range of disorders of digestive system.

Mail Us :

Saturday, 29 April 2017

Appendicitis Treatment In Chennai

Appendicitis is a condition caused due to the inflammation or swelling of appendix, a pouch shaped organ attached to the colon at the right side of abdomen. Characterised by severe abdominal pain, appendicitis is more prominently seen in male than females. They are known to commonly make an appearance in people between the age of 10 years and 30 years.

Although mild appendicitis can be treated with medications, most of the cases result in surgery. Appendix removal do not bring about any specific changes to the body. However, appendicitis when left untreated can lead to bursting of appendix, which can prove fatal.

Symptoms of Appendicitis

The symptoms of appendicitis closely resemble those caused due to indigestion and subsequent gas formation. If the symptoms continue to persist, diagnosis tests for appendicitis would be advisable.
Some of the symptoms associated with appendicitis include: -
  • Pain in the lower right side of abdomen
  • Severe pain in the area surrounding the belly button
  • Nausea or vomiting
  • Loss of appetite
  • Constipation or diarrhoea
  • Swelling in abdomen
  • A low-grade fever

The abdominal cramps increase in severity with time in the case of appendicitis. Medical attention is necessary in case of persistent pain as appendicitis has the potential to develop into a medical emergency

Causes of Appendicitis

Appendicitis is believed to be caused due to an obstruction in the appendix. A complete obstruction in the organ makes an emergency surgery necessary. The obstruction can occur due to a blockage created by faecal matter due to the trauma, tumours, worms or enlargement of lymphoid follicles. 

The presence of the obstruction leads to development of bacteria which in turn causes infection leading to swelling and inflammation of the appendix.

Diagnosis and Treatment of Appendicitis

Appendicitis can be diagnosed with the help of procedures like abdominal testing, blood analysis, urine analysis and ultrasound or CT scans. 
Treatment for appendicitis might include antibiotic medications, in mild cases and surgery when inflammation cannot be contained with antibiotics alone. The surgical procedure for removal of appendix is called appendectomy. With introduction of laparoscopy, appendectomy has been simplified.

SIMS offers the best gastroenterology treatments in Chennai, with the expertise of a skilled gastro surgeon.

Mail Us :

Saturday, 4 February 2017

Best Way to Lose Weight within a Week

OBESITY” is prevalent among the young generation and the major causes of obesity are found as not eating at the proper time, in taking junk foods, adding more sugary items, sedentary lifestyle, lack of exercise and the hereditary. Even after following strict diet regimen with proper exercise, one fails to lose weight, then the person may go for Bariatric Surgery to obtain healthy weight as well to rescue from heart, diabetic, sleep apnea, high cholesterol, and hypertension problems.

Bariatric surgery causes weight loss by restricting the amount of food the stomach can hold, causing nutrients malabsorption or gastric restriction or both. Most of the weight loss surgeries are performed in a minimally invasive procedure, laparoscopic surgery. Gastric bypass, adjustable gastric band, sleeve Gastrectomy, Biliopancreatic diversion with a duodenal switch are the common bariatric surgeries. Let us see some of the procedures in brief.

Vertical Sleeve Gastrectomy: In this procedure, 85% of the stomach is removed leaving a sleeve-shaped stomach. With surgical staples, the new stomach is closed. This procedure can be done either as an open surgery or laparoscopic. Since a part of the stomach is removed, the procedure remains permanent.
Biliopancreatic diversion or BPD: A Biliopancreatic diversion with duodenal switch gastric bypass is quite identical to sleeve Gastrectomy. A part of the stomach is removed and a small portion of the stomach remains. The first portion of the small intestine is divided at the stomach outlet and distal segment is connected to the new stomach.
Laparoscopic Adjustable Gastric Banding: Upper part of the stomach is wrapped with a silicone band with saline to create a small pouch above the band. Below the band are the rest of the stomach remains. With the less consumption of food patients feel satiated. After surgery, the opening size can be adjusted by adding or removing saline from the band through a dock under the skin. 40-50% of weight loss is experienced by the patients in this procedure.
Resolves Type 2 diabetes, deters the risk of developing heart diseases, effective for obstructive sleep apnea, improves life expectancy, and results with long term effect.
SIMS Hospital in Chennai is a renowned hospital for its quality and advanced technological treatment for the entire Gastrointestinal Problems, the perfect solution is given by our eminent Dr. Patta Radhakrishna who has a cosmic experience in giving consultation and performing surgeries. For all your queries regarding consultations, surgeries, and others, Chat With Us Now.
Mail us:

Monday, 23 January 2017

Signs of Stomach Cancer You Shouldn't Ignore

Repair of tissues is a main strategy occurring in the human body which maintains the stability of its components. Tissue deaths are followed by a covering up of the neurotic region by the control over this repair, may lead to uncontrolled growth of tissues causing a tumor. 

Tumors may be malignant. Malignant tumors are referred as cancers. Stomach Cancer is developed in the mucosal walls of stomach. Mass of tissues may project out into the stomach lumen from the linings and also from ulcerated mucosa of stomach. Since malignant, cancer may also spread from the stomach to other parts of the body particularly in the thorax and abdomen including organs like lungs, liver and also bones and the lymph nodes.

Usually no noticeable symptoms are produced in the early stages. Heart burn and indigestion are often noted for those with gastric cancer. Abdominal pain, loss of appetite, vomiting, difficult swallowing and blood in stool are also noted.
Occurrence of cancer is lower in females than in males as oestrogen protects women against it. Main causes of gastric cancer are infections from heliobacter pylori, smoking, dietary causes, genetically inherited, obesity, diabetes, gastritis etc. are also causes of gastric cancer.
Treatment is effective only in the earlier stages, i.e, before the cancer has begun to spread. Treatment includes usual cancer therapies. It may include chemotherapy, tangled therapy, radiation therapy and surgical methods like EMR or ESD may be used.
SIMS hospital in Chennai is specialised in dealing with disorders and diseases that affect the stomach. It deals with various diseases like gastric ulcers to gastric cancers.

Visit us:
Mail us:

Thursday, 29 December 2016

Day Care Laparoscopic Appendectomy in Chennai

The inflammation of the appendix that looks like a small worm-like pouch that is attached to the large bowel is known as appendicitis. Appendicitis is usually caused when small pieces of hardened stool get stuck in the appendix, blocking the opening that connects the large intestine and the appendix, thus leading to pus formation and inflammation.


Appendicitis Symptoms

The most common symptom of appendicitis is a sharp, shooting pain in the centre of the abdomen, moving to the right. The pain keeps recurring and becomes strong, if moved. Some other symptoms of appendicitis are anorexia, abdominal swelling, nausea, vomiting, constipation, and diarrhoea.

Appendicitis Diagnosis
There is no specific single test for the diagnosis of appendicitis. Though physical examination and medical history of the patients is taken, blood and urine tests are recommended. Finally, a CT scan or ultrasound is done to check inflammation.

Appendicitis Treatment

The only treatment for severe appendicitis is surgery. This surgery is known as appendicectomy. It is a very common procedure that requires a horizontal incision of about 3-6 cms in the lower part of the abdomen in the right side to remove the appendix. For speedy recovery, appendicitis can be treated through key hole surgery and laparoscopy.

Although all these treatments may sound complex and scary, appendicectomy is now offered as a day care treatment. A patient with severe appendicitis pain is admitted and then goes through the surgical procedure and gets discharged within 24 hours.

SIMS hospital
in Chennai offers the option of Day Care Surgery for Treating Appendicitis. The patients of appendicitis can now go home the same day after successfully completing the post-operative care. With high-end facilities, SIMS is people's choice for successful and speedy recovery. Dr. Patta Radhakrishna and his team of expert medical professionals ensure to provide you memorable and remarkable holistic treatment.

Mail us:

Monday, 19 December 2016

Is Your Blood Pressure High ? Checkout for Portal Hypertension

Portal Hypertension is a disease that can affect your liver, portal system of veins, oesophagus, and spleen. The portal vein is a group of veins merged which starts from your stomach, intestines, spleen, and pancreas. The function of the portal vein is to take blood from the gut and supply it to the liver. Sometimes, there is an impedance of this blood flow to the liver through the portal vein.

The blood flow through the liver is hampered as the vessels in the liver are blocked. The high blood pressure in the veins of the liver further leads to swelling in the veins of the oesophagus, stomach, rectum and umbilical area, leading them to bleed internally if those varies in rupture. This can be catastrophic in most cases.

Causes of Portal Hypertension 

There are many causes that explain portal hypertension or obstructions. They are:
  • The Prehepatic cause, due to portal vein thrombosis and congenital portal vein Artesia.
  • The Posthepatic cause is due to hepatic vein thrombosis, inferior vena cava thrombosis, and restrictive pericarditis.
  • The Intrahepatic cause, that includes Cirrhosis and hepatic fibrosis scarring are the commonest cause of portal hypertension.
Some other causes of Portal Hypertension are fatty liver, alcohol abuse, hepatitis B and C infections, wilson’s disease, cystic fibrosis, hemochromatosis, primary sclerosing cholangitis, biliary Artesia, schistosomiasis (a parasitic infection seen in Central Africa, where there is fibrosis of the liver sinusoids), and Budd-Chiari syndrome: thrombosis of a hepatic vein (the veins taking blood away from the liver).

Symptoms of Portal Hypertension

The most common symptoms of Portal Hypertension are swollen and enlarged veins, hematemesis, tarry and bloody stools, abnormal fluid collection within the peritoneum, and enlargement of spleen and overall feeling of being confused and lethargic.

Portal Hypertension Diagnosis 

Based on the above mentioned symptoms the following diagnosis is required, liver function tests and coagulation profile, Full blood count, and Serum electrolytes.

Portal Hypertension Prognosis

Finally, the prognosis for the patient depends on the level of the cirrhosis.

Treatment for Portal Hypertension

There are surgical and nonsurgical methods of treating Portal Hypertension.  Nonsurgical treatments to reduce Portal Hypertension are the use of beta blockers like propranolol, maintaining healthy lifestyle, medications, radiology, sclerotherepy, latex banding and balloon tamponade etc.

However, when all the above mentioned methods fail to reduce the Portal pressure then you are left with no choice other than using a surgical procedure.

The most common surgical procedure to cure Portal Hypertension is Tran jugular Intra-hepatic Porto-systematic Shunting. This procedure creates a bypass connecting the portal system to the hepatic outflow system, bypassing the liver.

Surgical Procedures

Other surgical procedures are Proximal Spleen-renal shunt, distal splenorenal shunt, and orthotropic liver transplantation also known as OLT.

Liver transplant is recommended to patients with Cirrhosis depending on the how and why it is caused, the patient's compliance and overall health status.

'SIMS' provides Best Portal Hypertension Treatment in Chennai With help of experts and other staffs.

Visit us:
Mail us:

Saturday, 22 October 2016

Day Care Laparoscopic Cholecystectomy

Gallbladder Stone Removal Surgery now has the option of day care surgery. Day care surgery is when the patients report to the hospital early in the morning and go through the surgery with no complications during the post-operative process and get discharged the same day. Once the degree of the severity of gallbladder stones problems is known, your doctor may or may not suggest the day care surgery for the removal of gallbladder stone.

How are gallbladder stones formed?

The gallbladder fluid is the  greenish brown colour liquid, also known as bile. This bile is made by the liver and includes cholesterol, fats, bile salts, proteins, and bilirubin (waste of red blood cells). This bile is very important in  helping the small intestine to breakdown and emulsify fats that will be absorbed by the blood stream. But sometimes this bile, based on its composition, becomes concentrated and turns into gallbladder stones or gallstones. If not disturbed, these stones can continue sitting in the gallbladder without causing any problem. But if they move and block the cystic or the drainage duct from the gallbladder, it can lead to inflammation and infection in the bile ducts causing severe pain.

Are you likely to have stones in your gallbladder?

If you are an adult above the age of 50 and having higher levels of estrogen or triglycerides, diabetes or cholesterol lowering drugs, you are susceptible to gallbladder problems. However, people who are obese or have a family history of Gallstones are more likely to suffer.

Symptoms of gallbladder stones and bile duct problems

Usually, until the gallstones block the bile duct, none of the symptoms of Gallbladder stones are felt. But once the gallstones block the drainage duct, the following symptoms should not be ignored:

Biliary colic: A sharp shooting pain in the right part of the upper abdomen or into the chest, that lasts anywhere between 30 minutes to a few hours followed by vomiting in some patients.

Acute cholecystitis
: A very serious condition where the pain is similar to Biliary colic but more severe and lasts for many days. The pain is experienced around the neck, shoulder blade, breast bone or entire left side.

Chronic cholecystitis: It is similar to acute cholecystitis but may take up to months or years to return to normalcy, causing mild inflammation and scarring and stiffness in the gallbladder.

Stones in the bile duct (choledocholithiasis): When stones reach the bile ducts, you will experience jaundice (due to built up bile in the ducts), fever, and chills with severe pain.

Pancreatitis: When gallstones get stuck in the bile duct that passes through the pancreas, it discharges enzymes causing acute pancreatitis.

Diagnosis of gallbladder stones and bile duct ailments

After a thorough check-up of the medical history and physical examination, your doctor may suggest medical procedures such as blood tests, X-rays, endoscopic ultrasound, CAT scan, magnetic resonance cholangiopancreatigraphy (MRCP), HIDA scan, and Endoscopic retrograde cholangiopancreatigraphy (ERCP). Based on these diagnosis, the most suitable treatment is suggested.

The treatment of Gallstones depends on its size and severity. Sometimes, they can be just dissolved using medicines, but have chances of reoccurring. The soft and small stones can be shattered using sound waves generated by a machine through Lithotripsy.

In about 80% of the cases, surgery called gallbladder cholecystectomy is required. In acute cases, an open cholecystectomy is done. In most cases, laparoscopic cholecystectomy is performed where the gallbladder is removed through a small incision in the abdomen. This type of surgery heals faster and leaves a smaller scar as compared to open surgery.

Laparoscopic common bile duct exploration is similar to laparoscopic cholecystectomy and have an option to be performed via Percutaneously (needle puncture onto the skin) laparoscopically or endoscopically. Laparoscopic bile duct bypass carries longer cuts in the abdomen for removing stones in the bile duct. The Choledochal ducts can be resected using different techniques of surgery.

SIMS hospital
in Chennai now provides you with Day Care Surgery Facility to Treat Gallbladder Stones and other bile duct ailments. SIMS prides itself in providing world class facilities for your holistic recovery under the expert guidance of its founder Dr. Patta Radhakrishna.

Mail us: